The purpose of this report is to analyse the punitive approach which New Zealand employs towards personal drug use and possession with the use of comparative institutional analysis with Portugal and government failure. It questions why the government does not perform better when they spend so much and why is does not adapt an alternative approach to curb drug consumption and drug related harm. Imprisonment has proved to be unsuccessful in decreasing drug consumption. The example of decriminalization of personal drug use and possession in Portugal is a successful example which should be considered by various stakeholders. After eleven years in practice, Portugal has seen a successful decrease in the overall consumption of drugs.
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