Policy makers must be aware of the varying impacts that imprisonment of drug addicts has on the health and security of both the individual and community after the individual is released. The policy report focuses on the idea to treat the underlying problems inherited or acquired in the so called “offenders” environment. The shift to viewing decriminalization of all illicit personal drug use and possession reflects the need for a more efficient deterrence approaches. The increasing use of health-based approaches to deal with the health complexes of drug dependent individuals are alternatives to imprisonment and hefty fines which can be counterproductive to the rehabilitative progress. Some view consumers of illicit drug substances as criminals instead of addicts, this view is flawed. Policy needs to be altered to safeguard not only society, but the vulnerable individual.