1. Decriminalization: By decriminalizing personal use and possession of illicit substances, we remove the stereotyping of the user as a criminal. This treats the person as an equal under law, for example, it does not automatically render them as a criminal offender. This approach is not the legalization or de-penalization of drug offences. Serious drug related crimes will still be prosecuted under criminal law. This report argues for decriminalization of individuals with apparent addiction problems and recreational users, it aims to remove legal sanctions and replace them with administrative sanctions as deterent effects. The aim is to prevent recidivism by understanding and treating core reasons for drug consumption.
2. Harm Minimization (Prevention): Is a necessary component of decriminalization. It is the safeguard which through early intervention, haults the individuals need or desire to consume drugs. Drug use is seen as a health problem, and it should be treated through
appropriate health care. Harm minimization includes educational programmes, the spreading of information and knowledge of the short term and long term effects and outcomes of uncontrolled and controlled drug consumption based on empirical data. Also, harm minimization allows the individual to seek help without fear of punishment. It makes
the system more accessible.
3. Treatment (Rehabilitation): Can be long-term or short-term depending on the individuals need. Centres such as detoxification units or support centres should be regionally dispersed to allow accessibility to those who cannot travel far due to responsibilities or income constraints. Treatment is scientifically proven to reduce recidivism and through community and government cooperation, the problem can be targeted effectively. It is also a more much cost effective alternative to incarceration.