Options

As the above discussion, the main causes for traffic congestion at Hanoi’s 36 classic streets are large numbers of cars and motorbikes and ineffective transportation rule. 

The first objective is to reduce the volume of cars and vehicles entering 36 classic streets. There are various solutions to meet this objective such as firstly, impose the high tax on overseas imported vehicles. Secondly, develop the BRT system like Jakarta government did. Thirdly, widen the streets. Fourth, control the new vehicles registration to meet the UNFCCC commitment. Fifth, create vehicles free zone. 

The second objective is to enhance the transportation rule. There are some solutions to fulfil this objective. First of all, “fine as painful as possible” (Mintrom, 2012) those violate the transportation rule. Secondly, apply new technology as Electronic Pricing Model. Thirdly, implement more education program about transportation rule to Hanoi people. 

However, the project just discusses the fourth and the fifth solution to meet the first objective; and the second solution to meet the second objective. The reasons are, in first objective, if Hanoi government imposed high tax on overseas imported vehicles, it would violate the international agreements. Nonetheless, the BRT system dose not suit with the context of 36 classic streets. Because it requires to create a private lane for the Rapid Bus, but the streets in 36 classic streets are just two lanes. In addition, if Hanoi government chooses widen the streets solution, so it is the unwise decision. Because this solution requires to removing enormous houses in 36 classic streets and the finance compensation for that action is extremely expensive. More importantly, it will destroy the historic landscape architecture, which was last for century, of 36 classic streets. 

In the second objective, the reasons are, firstly, if Hanoi government strengthens the fine measures to reduce situation of transportation rule violation. It seems not effective due to the corruption of policy force, means the transport-violation drivers just needs to give some money to the policeman and the are free to go. Even though the Vietnam government has paid full attention to this issue and implemented many anti-corruption programs. However, they are beyond the Hanoi government control, but they are the responsibility of Ministry of Domestic Affairs. Secondly, the Hanoi government was aware of the transportation rule violation issue and had implemented several transportation programs to educate the drivers, but they seem did not work. The main reason is due to part of drivers immigrating from rural areas where traffic light or transportation rule seems do not exist.