Executive summary

The responsibility of government is no less to shape and guide citizen’s individual and collective behaviours and “maintain the rule of law” (Mintrom 2012). Toward this end, it is imperious that the problem of traffic congestion at Hanoi’s 36 classic streets deserves the full attention of Hanoi’s People Committee.

The goal of this project is to investigate the problem of traffic congestion at Hanoi’s 36 classic streets and policy recommendation for Hanoi’s People Committee.

Many factors, both indirect and direct, account for traffic congestion at Hanoi’s 36 classic streets. However, the key factors are large number of vehicles and ineffective transportation rule.

The growing of traffic congestion issue retards a variety of key objectives of local government, for instance, “effective institutions, efficiency and sustainability” (Mintrom, 2012).

The analytical framework employed in this project is based on the steps in comparative institutional analysis of Mintrom. The major strength of this method is that it can help to seek the effective solutions, which were successfully applied elsewhere, to cope with traffic congestion.

Although, there are various solutions to address the traffic congestion at Hanoi’s 36 classic streets, the project proposes the vehicle free zone policy because it resolves the traffic congestion in the most adequate way.