According to OECD (2007), traffic congestion is “both a physical phenomenon relating to the manner in which vehicles impede each others’ progressions as demand for limited road space approaches full capacity as well as a relative phenomenon relating user expectations vis-à-vis road system performance”.
Traffic congestion is serious problem and is worthy for study, Black (2010) argued that public agencies do not often regard traffic congestion as major problem because its impacts on society are very diverse. Evidences have revealed that traffic congestion as a misallocation of petroleum resource, imposes high costs on society, adverse impact on air quality as well as individual nation income and thus, affecting to human health, degrading the living standard and slow down the social-economic development process (UNDP, 2009). One of among the main causes is the vehicle CO2 emission on the road, especially during the peak hours. In 2009, the damage of CO2 to Gross National Income (GNI) of the East Asia & Pacific, Middle East & North Africa, South Asia regions and the world are 1.2%, 1.2%, 1.2% and 0.4% respectively. Transport sector and particularly the road transport sector are amongst the sectors contributes the most CO2 gas emission. The tables below present the negative impact of vehicles emissions to GNI of individual country as well as CO2 emission caused by each transport sector.
(Source: United Nation Environment Program, 2009)
Within Hanoi context, the estimated damage, that caused by congestion issue, in term of human health, fuel consuming, time and business opportunity lost is about VND 27 billion (or $US 2 million) every single day in Hanoi (Hanoi Department of Transportation, 2010). The place where traffic congestion often occurs is at 36 Classic Streets region.
The project is prepared by Mai Tuan Viet, the senior advisor of Traffic Solution Services Ltd. – specialize in consulting and providing efficient solution for managing road traffic – to the Traffic Congestion Prevention Workshop, which is organized by Hanoi government. The project will firstly introduce both the domestic and international context of Viet Nam as indirect factors account for traffic congestion issue. Secondly, it will discuss the method employment. Thirdly, it will discuss the cause of traffic congestion at Hanoi’s 36 classic streets; experiences of others countries; resources constraints; stakeholders; potential conflicts among stakeholders and solving these potential conflicts. The fourth is the discussion of each option. The fifth is the policy recommendation section. Last section is the conclusion.