Recommendation 1: From Hands-Off to Hands-On

Government must assume a leadership role to reverse market failure by overhauling the Curriculum where necessary and making explicit expectations that schools must incorporate Asia content.

Recommendation 2: Stimulating Demand

Government must play a proactive role in stimulating student and parental interest or demand in Asian languages and study programmes.

Recommendation 3: Stimulating Supply

Government should enhance accessibility to Asia education, use resources to alleviate any extra burdens on schools, and support intensive training programmes for Asian language and studies teachers.

Recommendation 4: Quality Control

Government should set parameters for Asia education in schools and establish robust nationwide monitoring mechanisms to ensure that Asia education is achieving desired objectives and outcomes.